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Purple Aristolochia Flower


Purple Aristolochia Flower

Aristolochia


Aristolochia belongs to the birthwort (Aristolochiaceae) family and is commonly known as Dutchman's pipe or birthwort, includes about 300 species. Aristolochia came from tropical and temperate regions and includes vigorous climbers and perennials, both deciduous and evergreen. The leaves are often heart-shaped and can also be smooth-edged or lobed. The flowers have an offensive smell and an unusual shape, somewhat tubular in structure with a swollen bladder-like base, the colors are different: brown, purple, pink, and creamy white, all this is designed to attract pollinating insects. The plant is named so because of the fetal shape of the flowers and the herbal properties of the plant, once used as an aid in childbirth, from Greek— aristos, meaning excellent, and lochia, meaning birth.


Top Tip

Aristolochia
species are undemanding
plants,
requiring little
attention from the
gardener. They may
need a little routine
pruning to keep
them manageable.

Cultivation


In outdoors conditions this plant requires a rich well-drained soil and a sun or half-sun position. They are well suited to greenhouse cultivation in the areas where temperatures fall below 23eF (-5"C). Aristolochias carry out necessary pruning in late winter and provide support for climbing species. They can propagate by division, from softwood cuttings or raised from seed.


Name

Flower color

Blooming Season

Flower Fragrance

Plant Height

Plant Width

Hardiness Zone

Frost Tolerance

Aristolochia californica

Dull purple-red interior

Summer

No

15 ft
4.5 m

10 ft
3 m

8-10

Yes

Aristolochia littoralis

Brown, Purple, Ivory

Summer

No

20 ft
6 m

15 ft
4.5 m

9-11

Yes

Aristolochia macrophylla

Green, Brown, Pink, ivory mottling

Summer

No

30 ft
9 m

20 ft
6 m

6-9

Yes