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Purple Calluna Flower


Purple Calluna Flower

Calluna


Although there are hundreds of Scotch heather (or ling) cultivars, there is but one species: a small, spreading, mounding, evergreen shrub belonging to the heath (Ericaceae) family. Found in open moorlands through much of the temperate and subarctic Northern Hemisphere, wild Scotch heather has wiry stems, tiny closely overlapping leaves, and produces a haze of small purple flowers and mauve-pink flowers from late summer. Cultivars have been developed in a wide range of sizes and foliage colors, with white, pink, mauve, or purple-red flowers. Scotch heather has a long history of local medicinal use, and extracts of its flowering stems have antiseptic properties.


Top Tip

Calluna plants
must be grown in
well-drained soil,
as their roots are
highly susceptible
to disease in very
damp conditions.
The soil must also
be lime-free.

Cultivation


Scotch heather is very cold hardy but has a tendency to be short-lived in areas with hot summers. Plant in a sunny position with cool, moist, humus-rich, acidic soil. Add plenty of peat or leaf mold at planting time to give the bushes a good start. The best time to trim is after flowering or in late winter. Propagation is usually from half-hardened cuttings, though established plants often self-layer.



Name

Flower color

Blooming Season

Flower Fragrance

Plant Height

Plant Width

Hardiness Zone

Frost Tolerance

Calluna vulgaris

Mauve-pink

Mid-summer to late autumn

No

24 in
60 cm

30 in
75 cm

4-9

Yes

Calluna vulgaris “Blazeway”

lilac

Mid-summer to late autumn

No

12-18 in
30-45 cm

18-24 in
45-60 cm

4-9

Yes

Calluna vulgaris “Gold Haze”

White

Mid-summer to late autumn

No

10-12 in
25-30 cm

12-18 in
30-45 cm

4-9

Yes

Calluna vulgaris “Kinlochruel”

White

Mid-summer to late autumn

No

8-10 in
20-25 cm

12-18 in
30-45 cm

4-9

Yes

Calluna vulgaris “Robert Chapman”

Purple

Mid-summer to late autumn

No

8-10 in
20-25 cm

24-30 in
60-75 cm

4-9

Yes

Calluna vulgaris “Silver Queen”

Lavender

Mid-summer to late autumn

No

12-18 in
30-45 cm

18-24 in
45-60 cm

4-9

Yes