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Purple Dactylorhiza Flower


Purple Dactylorhiza Flower

Dactylorhiza


Dactylorhiza belongs to the family Orchidaceae and includes about 35 species of deciduous, tuberous, spring- to summer-flowering, terrestrial orchids. Dactylorhiza is very well known as the marsh orchid, they are usually found growing in moist grasslands in the northern temperate zones. They often have maroon spotted basal leaves that taper to a point and form a clump of broad.  . Upright stems with shorter narrower leaves, bear conical spikes with flowers ranging from palest pink to deep purple-red in color, usually with darker spotting. From dactylorhiza is taken an extract called salep, that is very nutritious and also has some medicinal uses, it is taken from 2-pronged tubers which are quite edible and yield this extract.


Top Tip

Marsh orchids are
popular plants for
cool rockeries and
also do well in
containers. Keep
well watered in
summer. Plants
must be kept drier
in winter.

Cultivation


Most marsh orchids are easily grown and frost hardy, they require moist humus-rich soil with a position in dappled sunlight. They propagate when dormant by breaking up established clumps.


Name

Flower color

Blooming Season

Flower Fragrance

Plant Height

Plant Width

Hardiness Zone

Frost Tolerance

Dactulorhiza foliosa

Pink to purple

Spring to summer

No

12-27 in
30-70 cm

4-10 in
10-25 cm

6-9

Yes

Dactulorhiza fuchsia

Pink, White mauve

Summer

No

8-24 in
20-60 cm

4-10 in
10-25 cm

6-9

Yes

Dactulorhiza incarnate

Purple-pink

Spring to summer

No

8-24 in
20-60 cm

4-10 in
10-25 cm

6-9

Yes

Dactulorhiza praetermissa

Red-purple

Summer

No

8-27 in
20-70 cm

4-10 in
10-25 cm

6-9

Yes

Dactulorhiza purpurella

Purple-red

Summer

No

12-16 in
30-40 cm

4-10 in
10-25 cm

6-9

Yes

Dactulorhiza urvilleana

Lilac to purple

Spring to summer

No

10-32 in
25-80 cm

4-10 in
10-25 cm

6-9

Yes