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Purple Fritillaria Flower


Purple Fritillaria Flower

Fritillaria


Fritillaria belongs to the lily (Liliaceae) family and includes around 100 species of spring- to early summer-flowering bulbs, it is widespread in the temperate Northern Hemisphere, with many species from southwest Asia. Their leaves are mostly simple grassy or strappy, the heads of nodding bell-shaped flowers  have 6 petals (more correctly tepals) and can be of very different and  unusual colors, such as purple and green, mustard yellow or near-black, often with checkered markings. It’s easy to understand the fascination of many gardeners and botanists, who were hooked on fritillaries. A fritillus was a Roman dice box, of which the patterned flowers are reminiscent.


Top Tip

Fritillaria plants can
be exacting in their cultivation requirements.
Consider
the native habitat
of each species
to pinpoint those
that are best suited
to local conditions.

Cultivation


Most of Fritillaria species are very hardy, but sometimes it is very difficult to cultivate them. The condition vary a lot some of them such as the crown imperial (Fritillaria imperialis), are well suited to perennial borders, others need a rockery well-drained position, those like alpine and scree species need more specialist care and need to be kept dry during winter. They propagate by offsets, or can be raised from seed.


Many fritillaries s are quite hardy, except for a few Californian species that will suffer damage below 41 ° F (- 5 ° C) . The bulbs vary great lyin size , from the diminutive Fritillaria minima to the very large Eimperialis. Propagation depends on the size and type of bulb. F. Camschatcensis and Himalayan and Chinese species need to be watered during dormancy. New plants flower after three years.


Name

Flower color

Blooming Season

Flower Fragrance

Plant Height

Plant Width

Hardiness Zone

Frost Tolerance

Fritillaria biflora

Dark brown

Early to mid-spring

No

10-16 in
25-40 cm

4-5 cm

7-9

Yes

Fritillaria camschatcencis

Purple-black, maroon, green

Summer

No

8-18 in
10-45 cm

4-10 cm

4-9

Yes

Fritillaria lauca

Yellow

Spring to early summer

No

4-6 in
10-15 cm

4-5 cm

6-8

Yes

Fritillaria meleagris

White, Green, Pink to purple

Spring

No

7-12 in
18-30 cm

4-15 cm

4-9

Yes

Fritillaria olivieri

Rusty brown and green

Early summer

No

12-15 in
30-38 cm

8 cm

5-9

Yes

Fritillaria tuntasia

Purple to purple-black

Late spring

No

4-15 in
10-38 cm

6 cm

8-10

Yes