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Purple Fuchsia Flower


Purple Fuchsia Flower

Fuchsia


This genus belongs to the family of (Onagraceae) evening primrose and is made up of around 100 species of shrubs and small trees, that are mostly from Central America and South America, and a few from New Zealand and Tahiti. They have a deep green foliage, heavily veined, and often lush, and their leaves can range from narrow lance-shaped to broad ovals. The flowers have long tubes with flared sepals and a corolla of often contrastingly colored petals. Many representatives of the species have tubular flowers except the garden hybrids that usually have rounded flowers that have a "skirt" of large sepals around the flower and often double corolla. Also with fleshy berries. In New Zealand is very useful the bush Fuchsia excorticata, because its dry papery bark burns very well when everything else is wet.


Top Tip

All fuchsias can
be grown in containers,
doing best
in a loam-based
compost with
added grit. They
need regular feeding
over the whole
flowering period.

Cultivation


They have different hardiness; the more tender die while the tougher types become deciduous if exposed to frost,. The plant needs part-shade or shade the soil has to be moist, humus-rich, fertile and well-drained. Need a well feeding and removal of deadhead berries in order to prolong the flowering season. Propagate by using softwood or half-hardened cuttings.

It is almost impossible for Cuttings of the deciduous and evergreen shrubs and climbers in this genus to fail. Fuchsias can suffer from a range of pests and diseases when grown under cover, so take cuttings from clean, healthy plants only. Raising plants from seeds is an alternative for species fuchsias. New plants flower very quickly, usually the following year.


Cuttings


With softwood cuttings, rooting is almost guaranteed. Nodal stem-tip, single-node, and intermodal stem cuttings all root within 10 - 20 days. You can also root them in florist's foam or rock wool. With semi-ripe cuttings, the secret to producing a good specimen is to pinch out new growth to a pair of leaves j u s t above the last break of buds. Hardwood cuttings of the vigorous F. magellanica and its cultivars root quickly. They can usually be lifted in spring. In cold areas, place the cuttings in a frost-free place.


Seeds


Seeds gathered from fleshy fruits and sown in spring and covered with vermiculite should germinate at 68 ° F (20 ° C ) in three weeks. Growth at first is slow, but if started early and grown on in warmth the shrub will flower in its first year.



Name

Flower color

Blooming Season

Flower Fragrance

Plant Height

Plant Width

Hardiness Zone

Frost Tolerance

Fuchsia boliviana

Pale pink to scarlet

Summer to autumn

No

2-4 ft.
0.6-1.2 m

2-4 ft.
0.6-1.2 m

10-11

No

Fuchsia “Isis”

Purple and red

Spring to autumn

No

10 ft.
3 m

10 ft.
3 m

9-11

No

Fuchsia magellanica

Red and purple

Spring to purple

No

10 ft.
3 m

6-10 ft.
1.8-3 m

7-10

Yes

Fuchsia “Marcus Graham”

Pink

Spring to autumn

No

18 in
45 cm

18 in 45 cm

9-11

No

Fuchsia procumbens

Orange, Green, and puple

Summer

No

2-6 in
5-15 cm

3-4 ft.
0.9-1.2m

9-10

Yes

Fuchsia thymifolia

Greenish white to pink

Late spring to autumn

No

3-10 ft.
0.9-3 m

3-10
0.9-3 m

8-11

No