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Purple Gladiolus Flower


Purple Gladiolus Flower

Gladiolus


Gladiolus can be found from Europe to western Asia and southern Africa and is presented by about 180 species of cormous perennials, it belongs to the iris (Iridaceae) family. They usually  blossom in summer and the flowers are funnel-shaped and borne in a spike, the leaves varies from grassy to sword-like. From African species are derived the large-flower garden hybrids, they are the most popular plants because of their showy flowers, their own charms have the less flamboyant species such as the evening scent of Gladiolus tristis. . A gladius—also the origin of the word gladiator—was a Roman sword and the name reflects the sword-shaped foliage.


Top Tip

Use the height of
taller Gladiolus
species to advantage in
border plantings.
Smaller-growing types
make excellent
container plants.

Cultivation


Gladiolus requires moist well-drained soil and a sunny position. They have to be planted deeply in order to ensure that the stems are well-anchored, sturdy, and less susceptible to wind damage. They have to be well watered when blossoming, then to be kept dry. In cold areas they can taken from soil and kept dry in a warmer place. Propagate from natural offsets.


Name

Flower color

Blooming Season

Flower Fragrance

Plant Height

Plant Width

Hardiness Zone

Frost Tolerance

Gladiolus callianthus

White with purple or red markings

Late summer to early autumn

Yes

36-40 in
90-100 cm

2-12 in
5-30 cm

9-11

No

Gladiolus communis

Pink with red or white markings

Spring to summer

No

36-40 in
90-100 cm

10-12 in
25-30 cm

6-10

Yes

Gladiolus tristis

Creamy yellow

Spring

Yes

24-60 in
60-150 cm

8-12 in
20-30 cm

7-10

No

Gladiolus viridiflorus

Yellow-green and dull pink

Late autumn to winter

No

6-12 in
15-30 cm

6 in
15 cm

7-10

Yes

Gladiolus Grandiflorus Group

Various

Late spring to summer

No

24-60 in
60-150 cm

12 in
30 cm

9-11

Yes

Gladiolus Primulus Group

Various

Summer

No

24 in
60 cm

12 in
30 cm

9-11

Yes