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Purple Iris Flower


Purple Iris Flower

Iris


Iris is  the  genus type from the Iridaceae family and is presented by 300 species of bulbous, fibrous, and rhizome-rooted perennials that are widely spread throughout temperate northern regions. Most of them have dense foliage clumps with fans of grassy to sword-shaped leaves. The model of their flowers is a fleur-de-lis that have 6 petals, 3 of them are erect petals known as standards and 3 that droop, the falls. The Iris is named so in honor of the Greek goddess of the rainbow, its flowers have all the specter of colors and very often have different combinations of colors. Depending on the species Iris can blossom from the late winter to the late summer. Also Iris germanica is the flower of the state Tennessee.


Top Tip

Irises may become
overcrowded after
several years. They
can be divided
when dormant,
at which time any
spent plants should
be discarded.

Cultivation


Irises can grow in different types of soil but all of them prefer sunny or half-shaded places. Different types of irises need different types of soil, for example:  woodland irises require moist well drained soil; Bog irises need permanently damp soil; bearded irises should be kept dry but when they actively grow and blossom they need a moist soil; irises need moist but perfectly drained gritty soil. Irises propagate by division during dormant.


Name

Flower color

Blooming Season

Flower Fragrance

Plant Height

Plant Width

Hardiness Zone

Frost Tolerance

Iris ensata

White, purple, lavender

Late spring to early summer

No

36 in
90 cm

12-40 in
30-100 cm

4-10

Yes

Iris laevigata

Purple, Mauve, White

Summer

No

24-60 in
60-150 cm

60 in
150 cm

3-9

Yes

Iris pallida

Blue, Yellow,

Early Summer

Yes

36-48 in
90-120 cm

12 in
30 cm

5-9

Yes

Iris sibirica

Blue, Purple, White

Late spring to early summer

No

24-48 in
60-120 cm

8-24 in
20-60 cm

4-10

Yes

Iris, Arilbred Hybrids

White, Blue, Red

Spring to summer

No

12-30 in
30-75 cm

8-18 in
20-45 cm

5-9

Yes

Iris, Californian Hybrids

Yellow, Pink, Purple

Spring to summer

No

10-20 in
25-50 cm

12 in
30 cm

5-9

Yes

Iris, Dutch Hybrids

Bluue, Violet, Yellow, Orange

Late spring

No

10-36 in
25-90 cm

6-18 in
15-45 cm

5-9

Yes

Iris, Dwarf Bearded

Various

Late spring

No

8-15 in
20-38 cm

12-24 in
30-60 cm

3-10

Yes

Iris, intermediate Bearded

Various

Mid-spring to early summer

No

10-27 in
25-70 cm

3-7 ft
0.9 – 2 m

3-10

Yes

Iris, Louisiana Hybrids

Various

Late spring to early summer

No

18-60 in
45-150 cm

18-24 in
45-60 cm

6-11

Yes

Iris, Spuria Hybrids

Various

Late spring to early summer

No

24-48 in
60-120 cm

18-24 in
45-60 cm

4-9

Yes

Iris, Tall Bearded

Various

Late spring

No

30-36 in
75-90 cm

6-18 in
15-45 cm

3-10

Yes