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Purple Verbena Flower


Purple Verbena Flower

Verbena


Verbena natively came from tropical and subtropical America, this type consist of 250 species of annuals, perennials, and belongs to the vervain (Verbenaceae) family. These flowers can vary the garden by different colors; they feature clusters of sometimes fragrant, tubular, lobed flowers and have different shades of purple, pink, red, and white. They can be very well used for hanging baskets, ground covers, or for borders because of their sprawling to erect habit. Their leaves can be variously divided and are from bright green to dark green. Derived from the Celtic ferfaen meaning "to drive away a stone"—a reference to the use of Verbena officinal is as a cure for bladder infections, this genus is commonly known as vervain. It is also supposed to be a cure all for problems, starting from snakebites to heart disease and it is also an aphrodisiac.


Top Tip

Most prostrate
Verbena species
are fast growing, so
they are an excellent
choice as a
colorful ground
cover for an unsightly
bare patch
in the garden.

Cultivation


Verbena very well grows in moderately fertile, moist, but well-drained soil and prefers full sun places. Perennials can propagate from seed, cuttings, or by division, while annuals only from seed. Most of the species and cultivars in this genus are grown as bedding from seeds, such as Verbena x hybrid cultivars. Bedding Verbena and many other species can be increased by cuttings. Divide fibrous rooted plants, for example V. corymbosa and V. Homestead Purple'.


Division


Divide mature clumps for flowers in the same year. Prostrate stems may root where they touch the soil, the plantlets may be detached, potted, and grown on.


Seeds


Sow seeds at 70°F (21°C). Germination takes 14 days, and seedlings flower in the same year. V bonariensis (syn. V. patagonica) often self-seeds.


Cuttings


Take semi-ripe stem-tip cuttings, from nonflowering growth if possible. At 59°F (15°C), cuttings root within 14 days. Keep the cuttings in bright light and overwinter with cold protection, where neccssarv.


Name

Flower color

Blooming Season

Flower Fragrance

Plant Height

Plant Width

Hardiness Zone

Frost Tolerance

Verbena bonariensis

Purple

Mid-summer to autumn

No

3-5 ft
0.9-1.5 m

2 ft
0.6 m

7-10

Yes

Verbena Homestead Purple

Purple

Summer to autumn

No

8 in
20 cm

36 in
90 cm

7-10

Yes

Verbena rigida

Purple To magenta

Spring to autumn

No

24-36 in
60-90 cm

12 in
30 cm

8-10

Yes

Verbena Sissinghurst

Magenta-pnk

Spring to autumn

No

8 in
20 cm

36 in
90 cm

7-10

Yes

Verbena Temari Bright Pink

Bright Pink

Summer to autumn

No

8 in
20 cm

36 in
90 cm

7-10

Yes

 

Verbena Tenuisecta

Lilac, Mauve, Purple, Blue, White

Spring

No

12 in
30 cm

12-20 in
30-50 cm

9-11

No